This set of terms describe ways of teaching and learning. And they describe how a person can learn and provides ways to plan and conduct learning.
- Behaviorism - a large amount of repetition to achieve the desired action.
- Cognitivism - sequenced learning. Learning is a determined journey, that with direction desired learning can be achieved.
- Constructivism - a persons learning is built upon previous learnings and knowledge. New learning are put into place based on this previous knowledge.
- Connectivism - knowledge is stored in your friends, the information appliances and the objects around you.
- Others - there are many other approaches, but I see the above four as the most generalized set
- Inquiry - I'd also include inquiry based approaches, cause they work really well... IMO.
All of the theories are about how humans learn (or can be taught, depending on your perspective). I believe the biggest factor in applying learning theory is age. I do believe children learn differently than adults. I also believe adults can learn a lot from how children learn.
- Pedagogy - how kids are educated [taught or learned (let's say K12... could overlap into higher education and before kindergarten)]
- Andragogy - directed education strategies for adults
- Heutagogy - self-directed learning by adults (strategies for the adult to learn without the direction of others)
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